The experiment show that all bacteria surviv better in orbital flight than on Earth. In addition, their biological, including pathogenic, properties chang. Changes in the gut microbiome can affect food metabolism, bone health and even cognitive performance, scientists say. Longer stays in space, such as 18 months to Mars and back, are likely to exacerbate these problems. The saying “You are what you eat” is especially relevant here. Diet: from vegetables to breast milk Grace Douglas of NASA’s Advanc Food Technology Project notes that astronauts in space are f freeze-dri foods that contain “normal amounts of food microorganisms” but are shock-process to be free of pathogens.
Scientists will test whether oligosaccharides affect
This leaves astronauts with insufficient fresh fruits and Tunisia Phone Number List vegetables, while a healthy microbiome requires, on the contrary, limit consumption of process foods and more fresh fruits and vegetables, as well as foods high in fiber. In which scientists introduce oligosaccharides, compounds found in human breast milk, into the diet of test subjects. These compounds are thought to be important in creating a healthy microbiome in children. The microbiome, of an adult. The experiment has been taking place at the Concordia research station in Antarctica for more than a year.
The immune system and the mood
Extreme conditions there help to partially recreate the BT Lists cosmic effect. It’s hard to say exactly how the human microbiome will change during a long trip to Mars compar to a relatively short stay on the ISS, says David Pierce. Given that NASA is planning a trip to the R Planet in the late 2030s or early 2040s, scientists still have time to prepare astronauts’ immunity to gastrointestinal and skin problems. Until then, the scientist notes, researchers should continue to use the means available to them, whether it be ground-bas studies that simulate space, experiments in space itself.