city life management, healthcare and industry. In the electric power industry, the Internet of Things improves the controllability of substations and transmission lines through remote monitoring. In healthcare, IoT allows you to move to a new level of disease diagnosis – “smart” devices monitor patient health indicators in the background. In agriculture, “smart” farms and greenhouses dispense fertilizers and water themselves, and “smart” animal trackers notify farmers in time not only about the location of animals, but also about their health status, analyzing heartbeat, body temperature and general activity. In transportation, typical IoT solutions include telematics and smart fleet management, in which the vehicle connects to a local operating system for monitoring and diagnostics. According to Statista [2] , $740 billion will be invested in the development of IoT for cars by 2025. In an urban environment, IoT solutions help automate lighting, while reducing lighting costs by up to 30-50%. “Smart” meters, which themselves record and transmit information on costs and wear to management companies, save city residents from having to verify and send data on energy consumption themselves. In logistics , IoT reduces the cost of transportation and minimizes the impact of the human factor. IoT systems can also monitor the occupancy of trash cans and optimize waste collection costs based on this data. The Internet of Things is being actively implemented by the oil and gas and mining industries . In particular, the use of advanced well analytics is helping the oil and gas industry increase production from mature fields. And, for example, Severstal, using the Internet of Things, was able to minimize the company’s losses due to erroneous forecasts for electricity consumption. In retail, IoT allows brands and merchants to optimize costs and improve customer experience through digital signage, customer interaction tracking, inventory management and smart vending machines, according to Maxim Lipatov. The market is expected to grow from $14.5 billion in 2020 to $35.5 billion by 2025, according to ResearchAndMarkets [3] How is IoT useful to a person?

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